During the great depression, the American people suffered a strong economic crisis that promoted a great wave of misery and poverty in the country due to the large number of layoffs and the bankruptcy of countless industries. The people were not able to overcome this situation without the intervention of the state in the national economy, which made economic liberalism, hitherto adopted in the USA, a great fiasco.
It was at that moment that the "New Deal" established by Roosevelt proved to be the great door of hope for the American people. The New Deal allowed the state to take the liberty of interfering in the economy so scrapped and to implement efficient recovery policies that would guarantee full employment, as well as support for workers, barring the great need where citizens were feeling.
Without hesitation, the New Deal also interfered in agriculture and the industrial sector, in addition to the social sector and promoted guidelines that would raise the means of production promoting an economic recovery. Among these guidelines was the fixing of prices for basic products, the realization of public works, the regulation of working hours, the increase in wages, production control, social security, among others.