Ratio strain: In psychology, the term "ratio strain" is defined as a process in which a specific reduction to the rate of a "desired behavior" is being noticed and an increase in the "emotional behavior" that results from the increase or upliftment in the behavior's ratio related to the reinforcement is encountered.
In the question above, the given pattern of behavior is referred to as ratio strain.
Central to secondary prevention is early identification of drug problems. Secondary prevention includes activities aiming at early detection problem or disease. After this, all necessary activities are undertaken to prevent further spread of disease, social problems or risky behavior. In this case, secondary prevention includes early detection of drug addict or behavior disorders which is caused by using drugs.
It is the current geologic processes. It means that the present condition is the key or solution to the past.
The doctrine means that geological processes are unchanged and there is a cataclysmic event occurring in the earth‘s history. All the geological processes workout in modifying the earth‘s crust that acts in the same manner regularly with the same intensity. This doctrine was advanced by James Hutton. All the physical laws are constant in time and space. All the processes must occur at the same rate or current rate. Any kind of gradualism led to the unfortunate consequence and can result in rejection of catastrophic events. Some of the geological features are misplaced fossils, misplaced players. This theory explains the evolution of earth which is constant and a continuous process. These all processes are identical and are happening with equal intensity as it was currently present. Uniformity is very essential and fundamental in understanding the past. It is sufficient for all the geological change. William Whewell introduced this term in 1832 that focuses on the fact that earth has originated from supernatural forces like a biblical flood. Uniformitarianism displayed the phenomena of the making of rocks.
1. How did California differ from the United States in terms of interactions of whites and natives?