The central dogma of biology is the process by which DNA is used to synthesize RNA and subsequently amino acid sequence (PROTEIN). The processes of transcription and translation is used in gene expression. Transcription is the process whereby the information encoded in a DNA molecule is used to synthesize a mRNA molecule. Transcription is catalyzed by RNA polymerase enzyme, which uses complementary base pairing rule i.e Adenine(A)-Thymine(T), Guanine(G)-Cytosine(C) pairing.
N.B: Thymine is replaced by Uracil in the mRNA
For the above DNA sequence: CAC GAC GGA TTC GTA, the mRNA sequence will be: GUG CUG CCU AAG CAU
Translation is the second process of gene expression which involves the synthesis of an amino acid sequence from an mRNA molecule. The mRNA is read in a group of three nucleotides called CODON. Each codon specifies an amino acid (see attached image for genetic code)
Based on the attached genetic code, an mRNA sequence: GUG CUG CCU AAG CAU will encode an amino acid sequence: Valine(Val) - Leucine (Leu) -Proline (Pro) -Lysine (Lys) - Histidine (His).
Photophosphorylation is the conversion of ADP to ATP using the energy of sunlight by activation of PSII. This involves the splitting of the water molecule in oxygen and hydrogen protons (H+), a process known as photolysis.
This is one of the fundamental laws regarding energy and its existence. You cannot create it, you cannot destroy it, you only transform it to another energy type or transfer it to another body (object / entity).
Answer: C) An increase in the carrying capacity of the ecosystem for wetland organisms.
The wetlands are the ecosystem that are developed when a water from any of the source like ocean, river, lakes, snow melting and rainfall get deposited in the shallow regions of the land. The water in such region may remain for either temporarily or seasonally.
According to the given situation, the process of restoration of wetlands will help in increasing the carrying capacity of the wetland ecosystem. This is because of the fact that the organisms which are capable to survive in wetland ecosystem may experience disturbance due to human interventions. But with the increase in area and supply of water from the river the carrying capacity of the ecosystem will increase. The carrying capacity is the number of members of the population of species which an ecosystem can allow to survive.